Arnis Kali Eskrima Articles

12 Jun

Arnis and the Philippine Flag

Arnis and the Philippine Flag


The flag of the Philippines is both symbolic and historic. Symbolic as it represents the sovereignty of the Republic of the Philippines, and historic, as it codifies the Filipinos quest for freedom against colonial powers.
The Philippine flag has took on many forms which lead to what it is today. However, regardless of previous and current design of the flag one thing is for sure - the breadth and depth of the idealism that it represents.
The 3 Stars
The 3 five pointed stars represents the 3 main islands in the Philippine archipelago: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. 
The Sun and its rays
The sun with its eight rays represents the 8 provinces who first revolted against the Spanish colonial rule during the revolution of 1896. The provinces are Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Manila (Morong, Rizal), Nueva Ecija, Pampanga,and Tarlac.
War and Peace
The colors of the flag also indicates if the Philippines is at war or at peace. Blue representing peace while Red representing war.  Thus if the flag is positioned with the blue on top of the red this means that the Philippines is at peace while red on top means the Philippines is at war.
The Philippine Flag influence to the Filipino Martial arts
a. Knowing the flag and what it represents helps to incalcate to the Arnis practioner the roots and heritage of the art of weapons fighting to safeguard ones self, family and mother land as indicated in the sun's eight rays
b. Knowing the main divisions of the Philippines as symbolized by the 3 stars can easily explain why there are different styles of Arnis with each division having different ways of handling weapons. 
c. It can be also noted that  the Filipino weapon art is generally referred to as Arnis in Luzon, while Visayas uses Eskrima and Kali for Mindanao. 
d. Systems and schools of Arnis almost always bears the flag or parts of the flag in their symbols and/or logo such as the Guerrero Arnis de Mano Logo
e.  Optionally, the colors of the flag may have direct influence in the colors of an Arnis tournament and other competition. There always the presence of blue and red corners. Which directly influences the tournament equipment such as headgear, padded sticks, vest, arm guard colors among others.


11 May


Paghahanda is referred to as the training and conditioning aspect of Arnis that prepares both the mind and the body to develop reaction, reflex and randomness.
This is one of the most crucial and critical part of Arnis that is often neglected or taken aside, the mind and the body needs to be properly prepared before training, neglecting it could mean inefficiency and injury.
11 May


Pagbuno, also commonly called as Dumog or Buno, is the locking, throwing, out balancing and grappling aspect of Arnis.  Pagbuno does not necessarily start at the ground but can be initiated from standing position leading to ground work.
What makes Filipino Pagbuno or Dumog different is it's awareness of the weapon ( the presence as well as the absence of it) when executing locks, throws, grappling and other techniques.
11 May


Panandyakan is the kicking and foot control aspect of Arnis.  "Kick" or "to kick" in Tagalog are commonly termed as "sipa", "sikad", "tadyak" thus from the root word the kicking art can also be called as Pagsipa (from sipa), Sikaran (from sikad) and Panandyakan (from tadyak).
As opposed to other kicking art, Panandyakan employs mostly low line kicks in awareness of the presence of weapons which may severe the legs if high kicks are deployed. 

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